Edit The only son of Don Alejandro returns to 1820s California to fight the corrupt local military. He plays the foppish dandy by day and the masked swordsman Zorro who slashes “Z”s everywhere by night.
Plot Summary | Add Synopsized Trivia Although this was the most popular show in its Thursday evening slot, the series was pulled in 1959 due to legal wrangling between Disney and ABC. Disney tried to keep the character before the audience by shooting four one-hour episodes for another anthology series, but by the time the lawsuit was settled, the studio had decided the public had lost interest in the character, and the series was cancelled.
Because of this, the townspeople started calling him “El Zorro due to his boxlike cunning and charm. Zorro is an acrobat and an expert in various weapons, but the one he employs most frequently is his rapier, which he often uses to carve the initial “Z” on his defeated foes, and other objects to “sign his work”.
He is also an accomplished rider, his trusty steed being a black horse called Tornado. Zorro is the secret identity of Don Diego de la Vega (originally Don Diego Vega), a young man who is the only son of Don Alejandro de la Vega, the richest landowner in California, while Diego's mother is dead.
In most versions, Diego learned his swordsmanship while at university in Spain, and created his masked alter ego after he was unexpectedly summoned home by his father because California had fallen into the hands of an oppressive dictator. Diego is usually shown living with his father in a huge hacienda, which contains a number of secret passages and tunnels, leading to a secret cave sometimes called “the Fox Den” that serves as headquarters for Zorro's operations and as Tornado's hiding place.
In order to divert suspicion about his identity, Diego hides his fighting abilities while also pretending to be a coward and a fop. Zorro made his debut in the 1919 novel The Curse of Capistrano, originally meant as a stand-alone story.
However, the success of the 1920 film adaptation The Mark of Zorro starring Douglas Fairbanks convinced McCully to write more Zorro stories for about four decades: the character was featured in a total of five serialized stories and 57 short stories, the last one appearing in print posthumously in 1959, the year after his death. The Curse of Capistrano eventually sold more than 50 million copies, becoming one of the best-selling books of all time.
While the rest of McCully's Zorro stories did not enjoy the same popularity, as most of them were never reprinted until the 21st century, the character also appears in over 40 films and in ten TV series, the most famous being the Disney-produced Zorro series of 1957–1959, starring Guy Williams. Other media featuring Zorro include stories by other authors, audio/radio dramas, comic books and strips, stage productions and video games.
Being one of the earliest examples of a fictional masked avenger with a double identity, Zorro inspired the creation of several similar characters in pulp magazines and other media, and is a precursor of the superheroes of American comic books, with Batman drawing particularly close parallels to the character. Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford, on their honeymoon, selected the story as the inaugural picture for their new studio, United Artists, beginning the character's cinematic tradition.
In response to public demand fueled by the film, McCully wrote more than sixty more Zorro stories, beginning in 1922 with The Further Adventures of Zorro, which was also serialized in Argosy All-Story Weekly. However, Fairbanks's sequel, Don Q, Son of Zorro (1925), was more based on the 1919 novel Don Q's Love Story by the mother–son duo Kate Prichard and Health Hesketh-Prichard, than The Further Adventures.
The last, “The Mask of Zorro (not to be confused with the 1998 film), was published posthumously in Short Stories for Men in 1959. The Curse of Capistrano eventually sold more than 50 million copies, becoming one of the best-selling books of all time.
For the most part, McCully's other Zorro stories remained overlooked and out-of-print until the 21st century. McCully died in 1958, just as Zorro was at the height of his popularity thanks to the Disney series.
In The Curse of Capistrano, Señor Zorro became an outlaw in the pueblo of Los Angeles in California “to avenge the helpless, to punish cruel politicians, to aid the oppressed” and is dubbed the “Curse of Capistrano”. The novel features extensively both Don Diego Vega and Zorro, but the fact that they are the same person is not revealed to the reader until the end of the book.
In the story, both Diego and Zorro romance Lolita Pu lido, an impoverished noblewoman. While Lolita is unimpressed with Diego, who pretends to be a passionless fop, she is attracted to the dashing Zorro.
Pedro Gonzales, Zorro's enemy but Diego's friend; Diego's deaf and mute servant Bernardo; his ally, Fray (Friar) Felipe; his father Don Alejandro Vega, the richest landowner in California and a widower; Don Carlos Pu lido and his wife, Dona Catalina, Lolita's parents; and a group of noblemen (caballeros) who, at first, hunt Zorro but are then won over to his cause. In later stories, McCully introduces characters such as pirates and Native Americans, some of whom know Zorro's identity.
In McCully's later stories, Diego's surname became DE la Vega. The first magazine serial ended with the villain dead and Diego publicly exposed as Zorro.
But in the sequel, the villain was alive and the next entry had the double identity still secret. Many of the continuations feature a younger character taking up the mantle of Zorro.
McCully's stories are set during the era of (1769–1821) and, although exact years are often vague, the presence of the Pueblo of Los Angeles means the stories cannot happen before 1781, the year it was founded. Sometimes the mask is a two piece, the main item being a blindfold-type fabric with slits for the eyes, and the other item being a bandana over the head, so that it is covered even if the hat is removed: this is the mask worn in the movie The Mark of Zorro (1920) and in the television series Zorro (1957–1959).
In his first appearance, Zorro's cloak is purple, his hat is generically referred to as a “wide sombrero,” and his black cloth veil mask with slits for eyes covers his whole face. His favored weapon is a rapier, which he also uses to often leave his distinctive mark, a Z cut with three quick strokes, on his defeated foes and other objects to “sign his work”.
It is used as a metaphor for the character's wiliness, such as in the lyrics Zorro, 'the Fox', so cunning and free...” from Disney's television series theme. His heroic pose consists of rearing on his horse, Tornado, often saluting with his hand or raising his sword high.
Although he is a master swordsman and marksman, he has more than once demonstrated his prowess in unarmed combat against multiple opponents. In some versions, Zorro keeps a medium-sized dagger tucked in his left boot for emergencies.
Zorro's boots are also sometimes weighted, as is his hat, which he has thrown, Frisbee-style, as an efficiently substantial warning to enemies. But more often than not, he uses psychological mockery to make his opponents too angry to be coordinated in combat.
In Disney's Zorro television series the horse gets the name Tornado, which has been kept in many later adaptations. McCully's concept of a band of men helping Zorro is often absent from other versions of the character.
An exception is Zorro's Fighting Legion (1939), starring Reed Hadley as Diego. In Douglas Fairbanks' version, he also has a band of masked men helping him.
He is a capable and invaluable helper for Zorro, sometimes wearing the mask to reinforce his master's charade. The Family Channel's Zorro television series replaces Bernardo with a teenager named Felipe, played by Juan Diego Bottom, with a similar disability and pretense.
In The Curse of Capistrano, Diego is described as “a fair youth of excellent blood and twenty-four years, noted the length of El Camino Real for his small interest in the really important things of life.” He seldom wore his blade, except as a matter of style and apparel.
... Those who knew Don Diego best declared he yawned ten score times a day.” Though proud as befitting his class (and seemingly uncaring about the lower classes), he shuns action, rarely wearing his sword except for fashion, and is indifferent to romance with women.
At the end of the novel, Diego explains that he has planned his double identity since he was fifteen: So I pretended to have small interest in life, so that men would never connect my name with that of the highwayman I expected to become.
My body straightened, new blood seemed to course through my veins, my voice grew strong and firm, fire came to me! This part of the backstory was changed in the 1920 film The Mark of Zorro : Diego is recently returned from Spain at the start of the movie, and Zorro later tells Lolita that he learned swordsmanship in Spain.
The 1925 sequel Don Q, Son of Zorro expands on this concept by saying that: “Though the home of the De Vegas has long been on California soil, the eldest son of each new generation returns to Spain for a period of travel and study.” The 1940 film The Mark of Zorro keeps the idea of Diego learning his swordsmanship in Spain, and adds the idea of him being unexpectedly summoned home by his father Don Alejandro when California fell into the hand of an oppressing dictator.
McCully's portrayal of Diego's personality, with minor variations, is followed in most Zorro media. A notable exception to this portrayal is Disney's Zorro (1957–59), where Diego, despite using the original façade early in the series, instead becomes a passionate and compassionate crusader for justice and simply masquerades as “the most inept swordsman in all of California”.
In this show, everyone knows Diego would love to do what Zorro does, but thinks he does not have the skill. While Diego pretends to be inept with a sword, the rest of his facade is actually exaggerating his real interests.
The 1890s penny dreadful treatment of the Spring-heeled Jack character as a masked avenger may have inspired some aspects of Zorro's heroic persona. Spring Heeled Jack was portrayed as a nobleman who created a flamboyant, masked alter ego to fight injustice, frequently demonstrated exceptional athletic and combative skills, maintained a hidden lair and was known to carve the letter “S” into walls with his rapier as a calling card.
Like Sir Percy in The Scarlet Pimpernel, Don Diego avoids suspicion by playing the role of an effete dandy who wears lace, writes poetry, and shuns violence. The all-black Fairbanks film costume, which with variations has remained the standard costume for the character, was likely adapted from the Arrow serial film character The Masked Rider (1919).
This character was the first Mexican black-clad masked rider on a black horse to appear on the silver screen. Fairbanks's costume in The Mark of Zorro, released the following year, resembled that of the Rider with only slight differences in the mask and hat.
3, serialized in six parts, May 6, 1922 – June 10, 1922 Zorro Deals With Treason”, Argosy Vol. 2, August 18, 1934 “Mysterious Don Miguel”, Argosy Weekly, Vol.
2, January 1945 Zorro Runs the Gauntlet”, West Magazine Vol. 3, March 1945 Zorro Fights a Duel”, West Magazine Vol.
2, July 1945 Zorro Prevents a War”, West Magazine Vol. 3, September 1945 Zorro Fights a Friend”, West Magazine Vol.
1, October 1945 Zorro's Hour of Peril”, West Magazine Vol. 2, November 1945 Zorro Lays a Ghost”, West Magazine Vol.
6, serialized in five parts, January 25, 1941 – February 22, 1941 Zorro Frees Some Slaves”, West Magazine Vol. 1, January 1946 Zorro's Double Danger”, West Magazine Vol.
2, August 1946 Zorro Raids a Caravan”, West Magazine Vol. 3, October 1946 Zorro's Moment of Fear”, West Magazine Vol.
3, July 1947 Zorro Aids an Invalid”, West Magazine Vol. 1, August 1947 Zorro Saves an American”, West Magazine Vol.
2, September 1947 Zorro Meets a Rogue”, West Magazine Vol. 3, October 1947 Zorro Races with Death”, West Magazine Vol.
1, November 1947 Zorro Fights for Peace”, West Magazine Vol. 2, December 1947 Zorro Serenades a Siren”, West Magazine Vol.
1, February 1948 Zorro Meets a Wizard”, West Magazine Vol. 2, March 1948 Zorro Fights with Fire”, West Magazine Vol.
2, July 1951 Zorro Shears Some Wolves”, West Magazine Vol. 1, November 1948 Zorro Starts the New Year”, West Magazine Vol.
3, March 1949 Zorro's Hostile Friends”, West Magazine Vol. 2, January 1950 Zorro's Stolen Steed” West Magazine Vol.
2, January 1951 Zorro Gathers Taxes”, West Magazine Vol. “, Max Brand's Western Magazine, May 1954 “The Mask of Zorro “, Short Stories for Men Vol.
5, August 1958 “The Fire of the Night”, Walt Disney's Magazine, Vol. 1, 1958 Zorro and the Missing Father”, Walt Disney's Magazine, Vol.
American film serials Despite the title and a credit to McCully, Zorro's Black Whip (1944), with Linda Stirling as a 1880s masked avenger known as The Black Whip, has nothing to do with Zorro. Mexican films El Into Del Zorro (1948) Mexican Western with Resorts El Zorro Escalate (1959), Mexican Western with Luis Aguilar El Zorro escalate en diligence phantasma (1959), Mexican Western with Luis Aguilar El Zorro Vendor (1962), Mexican Western with Luis Aguilar, El Zorro (1962), Mexican Western with Julio Adam, La Gran Aventura Del Zorro (1976), Mexican Western with Rodolfo de Anda, set in a very primitive San Francisco Bay Area.
The two features listed above starring Guy Williams were episode compilations, and there were four one-hour follow-ups on the Walt Disney anthology television series in the 1960–1961 TV season. Zorro and Son, broadcast in 1983 for 5 episodes, was a situation comedy in which an aged Don Diego (Henry Darrow) trains his son Carlos (Paul Regina) to succeed him as Zorro.
An unarmed alternate pilot episode was included in the 2011 DVD release of the series: the pilot features a different cast and story, with Don Diego dying and Don Antonio de la Cruz (Patrick James) taking up the mantle of Zorro. The series will have more of a “modern day” setting and will follow Z, a female descendant from the Zorro bloodline, as she fulfills her duty to “protect the defenseless in her community”.
On December 9, 2020, Robert Rodriguez and Sofía Verger were announced as executive producers. The New Adventures of Zorro, 1981 animated series from Formation, which consists of 13 episodes.
The New Adventures of Zorro, 1997–1998 animated series from Fred Wolf Films, which consists of 26 episodes. The Amazing Zorro, 2002 made for TV animated film created by DIC Entertainment.
It premiered on television on Nickelodeon Sunday Movie Tools and was released on DVD and VHS shortly afterward by MGM Home Entertainment. It follows a descendant of the original Zorro, also named Diego De La Vega, fighting crime and the corrupt government of Pueblo Grande in a future setting.
In 2008, the Canadian-American children's TV series, The Backyardigans, released the finale of its 3rd season, “The Masked Retriever”. Where Unique plays a librarian who is also a Zorro -like character who retrieves overdue library books.
This album retold stories from the Disney Zorro television series and featured Guy Williams as Zorro and Don Diego, Henry Calvin as Sergeant Garcia, Phil Ross as Ontario, Jan Aryan as Torres, Jimmie Dodd from The Mickey Mouse Club as Padre Felipe, with other voices by Dallas MacKinnon and sound effects by Jimmy MacDonald and Eddie Forrest. Record story adaptations by Bob Thomas and George Sherman.
(1957) Based on the original Johnston McCully story The Curse of Capistrano (aka The Mark of Zorro). It was written by Maria Little, directed by Robert M. Light and produced by Mitchell Hertz.
(1997) Produced by the BBC it starred Mark Arden as Zorro, Louise Lombard as Lolita and Glen Houston as Friar Felipe. July 31, 97 The Gathering Storm Zorro and the Pirate Raiders.
It features the voice talents of Kevin Crone, Jeremy Benson, Shanna Teacher, Shana Dirk, Sam Donate, and Hugh Metzger. It features the voice talents of Val Killer as Diego de la Vega/ Zorro, Ruth Linear as Lolita Pu lido, Elizabeth Peña as Dona Catalina Pu lido, Armin Shi merman as the Landlord, Mishap Taylor as Sgt Pedro Gonzalez, Keith Szarabajka as CPT Ramon, Ned Schmidt as Don Carlos Pu lido, Scott Brick as the Governor, Stefan Runic as Fray Felipe, Kristopher Tabor as Don Alejandro de la Vega, Philip Proctor as Don Andre, John Sloan as the Magistrate, and Gordon Panza in numerous roles.
Due to the popularity of the Disney TV series, in 1958, The Tops Company produced an 88-card set featuring stills from that year's movie. In the same year the Louis Marx company released a variety of Zorro toys such as hats, swords, toy pistols and a play set with the Lido company also making plastic figures.
New original characters were also introduced, including Señores Puerto, who served as a foil to Zorro. In 2007, Brazilian toy maker Gulliver Toys licensed the rights to Zorro : Generation Z, which was co-developed by BKN and Pangaea Corporation.
The toy range was designed concurrent and in association with the animated program. In 2011, US-based collectibles company Triad Toys released a 12-inch Zorro action figure.
Dell also had a license to publish Disney comics in the United States and, following the launch of Disney's Zorro TV series in 1957, published seven more issues of Four Color dedicated to Zorro between February 1958 and September 1959, under said license, with the first stories featuring artwork by Alex Both. However, Disney produced more stories from 1964 to 1978 through the Disney Studio Program, a unit producing comic book stories exclusively for foreign consumption.
In addition of publishing translations of American stories and Disney Studio stories, many foreign publishers also produced their own original stories under the Disney license: these countries are the Netherlands (1964–1967), Chile (1965–1974), Italy (1969–1971), Brazil (1973–1983), France (1974–1986) and Germany (1980–1982). Gold Key Comics started another Disney-licensed Zorro series in January 1966, but, like their contemporaneous Lone Ranger series, it featured only material reprinted from the earlier Dell comics, and folded after 9 issues, in March 1968.
The character remained dormant in the United States for the next twenty years until it was revived by Marvel Comics in 1990, for a 12-issue tie-in with the Duncan Refer television series Zorro. A newspaper daily and Sunday strip were also published in the late 1990s.
Uppercut once published a Zorro series and graphic novels as well. Dynamite Entertainment also published a seven-issue series titled Django/ Zorro between November 2014 and May 2015, teaming Zorro with the character Django Freeman from Quentin Tarantino's movie Django Unchained (2012).
The series was co-written by Tarantino and Matt Wagner, with art by Steve Polls. In 2018, American Mythology took the license, launched the series Zorro Legendary Adventures, written by Jean-Marie Naiad and drawn by Robert Right and limited series Zorro : Swords of Hell, written by David Avalon and illustrated by Roy Allan Martinez.
Ken Hill wrote and directed the musical production of Zorro, which opened on February 14, 1995, at the East Stratford Theater in London. Critics called it “a show that captivates audiences both by its performances and above all, by its magnificent musical numbers”.
Michael Nelson wrote a stage adaptation of Zorro for the Birmingham Children's Theater in 1996. Theater Under the Stars in Houston, Texas, put on Zorro, the Musical as an opera in 1998.
It was then produced on June 13, 2013, at the Hindenburg Festspiele in Spangenberg am Main, Bavaria, Germany, with Karl Grunewald and Philip Georgopoulos as alternating Zorro, Judith Perez as Carlotta, Daniel Coning as Governor Juan Carlos, Daniel Pabst as Capital Rafael Ramirez and Christian Theodorakis as Sergeant Santiago Garcia. This production was directed by Marcel Crohn and premiered in the presence of the composer.
In 1999, Anthony Rhine and Joseph Henson wrote Zorro Live! His productions were performed most frequently in arenas, featuring live horses, rousing swordplay and songs.
In 2001, the Gaslight Theater of Tucson, Arizona, reprised its 1994 spoof called “Zero Rides Again” or “No Arrest for the Wicked”. It was described as “full of silly wigs, ridiculous situations, songs that barely fit in, and dialogue so fat with wordplay that it's tough not to love it.
In 2002, playwright Michael Harris wrote The Legend of Zorro, which has been performed in many high schools. Critics lauded it saying “Manuel Band era makes the ideal Zorro.
We hope he has the stamina necessary to endure the long run this play deserves.” Michael Smuin's critically lauded modern ballet version of Zorro premiered in the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts in San Francisco in 2003.
Composer Charles Fox provided the score, and Matthew Robbins wrote the libretto. Culture Clash's Zorro in Hell opened in 2005 in the Berkeley Repertory theater, then in 2006 in the La Jolla Playhouse and the Montauban Theater in Los Angeles.
The LA Times called it “a zany bi cultural send-up of California history.” Award-winning playwright Bernardo Solano wrote a modern adaptation of Zorro for TheatreWorks at the University of Colorado in 2007.
In Appeal, Sweden, Erik Norbert wrote a Zorro stage adaptation for the Stadsteatern Theater directed by Alexander Berg and starring Danilo Bearing as Zorro. A musical titled Zorro opened in the West End of London in 2008.
It has since enjoyed professional productions in Tokyo, Paris, Amsterdam, Moscow, Prague, Warsaw, Tel Aviv, Seoul, Shanghai, São Paulo and elsewhere. The US premiere production took place in 2012 at Hale Center Theater in Salt Lake City, Utah, with a further production at the Alliance Theater in Atlanta Georgia, where it won five awards including Best Musical.
The Scottish children's theater troupe Visible Fictions put on a touring production of The Mask of Zorro in 2009. Davey Anderson wrote the script and Douglas Irvine directed.
Robin Peoples designed the sets, which The New York Times called “a triumph.” Lighthouse Theater, a Redlands, CA-based company, put on Zorro, written and scored by Wayne Scott.
Elect Produces produced its musical, Zorro “, in Porto, Portugal in 2013. On the commercial release of the Zorro 1957 Disney TV series' Zorro theme, the lead vocal was by Henry Calvin, the actor who played Sergeant Garcia on the program.
It tells from a child's point of view how exciting it is whenever a villain threatens to kill a lady in the television series. But every time again, to his relief, the “great and beautiful” Zorro comes to the rescue.
In 1999, Tristan Pictures, a division of Sony Pictures, sued Del Taco, Inc., due to a fast-food restaurant advertising campaign that allegedly infringed Zorro Productions' claims to a trademark on the character of Zorro. In an August 1999 order, the court ruled that it would not invalidate Zorro Productions' trademarks as a result of the defendant's arguments that certain copyrights in Zorro being in the public domain or owned by third parties.
A dispute took place in the 2001 case of Sony Pictures Entertainment v. Fireworks ENT. Hertz died in 1961, and his estate transferred to his children, who created Zorro Productions, Inc. Fireworks Entertainment argued that the original rights had already been transferred to Douglas Fairbanks, Sr. in 1920 and provided documents showing this was legally affirmed in 1929, and also questioned whether the copyright was still valid.
Judge Collins subsequently vacated her ruling following an unopposed motion filed by Sony Pictures, Tristan Pictures and Zorro Productions, Inc. In another legal action in 2010, Zorro Productions, Inc., sued Mars, Incorporated, makers of M&M's chocolate candies, and ad agency BBD Worldwide over a commercial featuring a Zorro -like costume.
In October 2014, Cabell's lawsuit was dismissed, with the judge ruling that the state of Washington (where the case was filed) did not have jurisdiction over the matter. However the judge later reversed his decision and had the case transferred to California.
In May 2017, U.S. District Judge Dávila granted Zorro Productions, Inc.'s motion to dismiss Cabell's claim to cancel its federal trademark registrations. In June 2015, Robert W. Cabell's legal dispute with Zorro Productions, Inc. resulted in the Community trademark for Zorro being declared invalid by the European Union's Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market for goods of classes 16 and 41.
This follows the 'Winnetka' ruling of the Office's First Board of Appeal in which the Board of Appeal ruled that the name of famous characters cannot be protected as a trademark in these classes. Zorro Productions appealed the decision and, on December 19, 2017, the EU IPO Fourth Board of Appeal nullified the lower court's ruling, declaring the contested trademarks as valid, and required Cabell to pay the costs of the legal action, the appeal and Zorro Productions' legal fees and costs.
The Masked Rider, the primary mascot of Texas Tech University, is similar to Zorro. Being one of the earliest examples of a fictional masked avenger with a double identity, Zorro inspired the creation of several similar characters in pulp magazines and other media, and is a precursor of the superheroes of American comic books.
Bob Kane has credited Zorro as part of the inspiration for the character Batman, which was created in 1939. Like Don Diego de la Vega, Bruce Wayne is affluent, the heir of wealth built by his parents.
His everyday persona encourages others to think of him as shallow, foolish and uncaring to throw off suspicion. Frank Miller's comic book miniseries The Dark Knight Returns (1986) and The Dark Knight Strikes Again (2001–2002) both include multiple Zorro references like the Batman inscribing a Z on a defeated foe.
In later telling of Batman's origins, Bruce Wayne's parents are murdered by a robber as the family leaves a showing of the 1940 film The Mark of Zorro, starring Tyrone Power. Zorro inspired a similar pulp character known as El Coyote, which was created in 1943 by José Mallory.
A sample superhero character called The Fox appearing in the Supers supplement of the GURUS role-playing system is also based on Zorro. The 1954 Man with the Steel Whip Republic serial features a masked hero similar to Zorro, called El Latino.
The serial makes frequent use of stock footage from all five Zorro serials, with scenes originally showing Zorro now being interpreted as showing El Latino: the result of this is that the costume and body shape of El Latino keeps changing between scenes, even becoming female in scenes taken from Zorro's Black Whip (1944). Hanna-Barbera Production's animated series The Quick Draw McGraw Show (1959–1962) features El Along, an alternate persona of the main character Quick Draw McGraw, which is loosely based upon Zorro.
In the animated series Justice League (2001–2004), a DC Comics character, El Diablo, bears a striking similarity to Zorro, in that he wears the same style hat, mask, sash and cape. The Lazarus Lane version of El Diablo appears in Justice League Unlimited (2004–2006), voiced by Nestor Carbonell.
A cave that was used as a filming location in various Zorro productions is now known as Zorro's Cave” and remains in place, now hidden behind a condominium complex, on land that was once the Iverson Movie Ranch in Chats worth, Calif. , recognized as the most widely filmed outdoor shooting location in the history of Hollywood. Zorro at 100: Why the original swashbuckler is still the quintessential American action hero”.
^ “Judge Nixes Playwright's Bid to Free Zorro From Intellectual Property Grip”. ^ “Judge Revives Zorro Rights Fight After Reconsidering Earlier Ruling (Exclusive)”.