Interested students will need to work towards a doctoral degree, in addition to rigorous testing. The American Veterinary Medical Association (ALMA) maintains an online directory of 28 accredited colleges throughout the U.S.
However, the BLS also states that those without a bachelor's degree must complete at least 45-90 credits of undergraduate work. Your curriculum should emphasize math, science and pre-veterinary courses, such as chemistry, biology and zoology.
Subjects typically covered include molecular and cellular biology, basic and veterinary medical science, clinical skills and sciences, zoo animal and wildlife health, veterinary issues, food safety, surgery and pathology. Extensive and varied clinical rotations, which can give you a chance to concentrate on zoo animal medicine, usually take place during the fourth year of veterinary school.
Qualifications vary, but all states require passage of the North American Veterinary Licensing Exam. You also must meet training and work experience requirements, which could include ACZM-approved internships and residency programs.
Additionally, you must produce five professional papers in the field of zoological medicine and pass a certification exam. 3505 Veterinary Medicine Basic Sciences Building 2001 South Lincoln Avenue Urbana, IL 61802 217/333-2760 They have a teaching hospital which has a wildlife rescue center.
Veterinary Teaching Hospital and Clinics Skip Bergman Drive Baton Rouge, LA 70803 (225) 578-9600 FAX (225) 578-9559 Teaching hospital with an exotic animal program. Office of the Dean G100 Vet Med Center East Lansing, MI 48824-1314 PH: 517-355-6509 FAX: 517-432-1037 Teaching hospital with exotic animal specialty.
These professionals treat illnesses and injuries, perform surgeries, and advise owners on best practices for animal care. Many veterinarians also play an important role in public health, working to ensure the safety of farm animals that serve as food sources and applying veterinary research to human and animal health issues.
Veterinarians earn competitive salaries, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects careers in the field to grow 16% from 2019 to 2029, much faster than the national average for all occupations. DVD programs take four years to complete and require knowledge in biology, along with strong clinical and communication skills.
This compensation does not influence our school rankings, resource guides, or other editorially-independent information published on this site. In addition to a ranking of the top programs, this guide explores career paths, earning potential, licensure requirements, and scholarships for veterinary students.
All veterinarians must pass the North American Veterinary Licensing Examination (NAVE). Education level significantly impacts the earning potential of veterinary professionals.
For example, veterinarians, who need a doctorate, typically earn higher salaries than vet techs and lab assistants, who need only a high school diploma or associate degree. This section details common career paths for graduates of the best veterinary schools, along with the salary potential and projected growth rate for each occupation.
Commonly known as vet techs, these professionals assist veterinarians and perform a variety of clinical tasks. Vet techs prepare animals for surgery, administer vaccinations, and perform laboratory and diagnostic tests.
These professionals assist veterinarians and care for animals in clinical and research settings. The responsibilities of veterinary assistants and lab animal caretakers are similar to those of vet techs.
Veterinarians diagnose and treat medical conditions in animals of all types, including pets and livestock. While many veterinarians treat pets in private clinical practices, they may also work with farm animals.
Other veterinarians secure research positions and work to improve public health and animal welfare. Regardless of program level or specialization area, all veterinary students should choose an accredited school.
Learners considering DVD programs should consult their state licensing board for details. Veterinarians in all states must pass the NAVE, a 360-question multiple-choice exam administered by the International Council for Veterinary Assessment.
Veterinary candidates typically complete the NAVE during their final year of study. Learners earning a DVD develop broad clinical skills, focusing on the assessment and treatment of various animal species.
Learners often perform dissections and projections, and they may examine slides, models, and living animals. This course introduces key skills for examining small animals, such as cats and dogs.
Course topics may include laboratory sample collection, patient management, and medication administration. This course highlights the ethical dimensions of biomedical science, veterinary medicine, and animal welfare.
Students may explore legal and institutional positions, along with ethical problems they observe in veterinary case studies. Professionals need strong communication skills to maintain high standards of care.
Enrolled develop the verbal and nonverbal skills necessary to effectively interact with clients in a variety of situations. Veterinary students can apply for general scholarships and awards reserved for degree-seekers with specific backgrounds or career goals.
Depending on the scholarship, requirements may include financial need, academic excellence, and leadership potential. Who Can Apply: The Humane Education Network offers this scholarship to high school students planning to pursue a postsecondary veterinary medicine program.
Applicants must submit a video, photograph, or essay on an assigned topic related to animal welfare. Who Can Apply: The AAB offers this scholarship to college students enrolled in AVMA-accredited veterinary schools.
Who Can Apply: Embrace Pet Insurance offers this scholarship to students enrolled in AVMA-accredited veterinary technician programs. These programs deliver strong education, research, and clinical services to prepare learners to succeed in the field.
In addition to other degrees, the following schools offer some of the best doctor of veterinary medicine programs for aspiring veterinarians. University of Pennsylvania Location A renowned Ivy League college based in Philadelphia, Penn ranks among the nation's top veterinary schools.
Penn's veterinary offerings include a veterinarian medicine doctors (VM) program, a master of science in animal welfare and behavior, and a graduate certificate in animal welfare and behavior. At the graduate level, candidates can pursue clinical specialties such as anesthesiology, animal behavior, comparative oncology, and equine sports medicine.
DVD graduates can pursue opportunities in various clinical areas, such as cardiology, comparative ophthalmology, emergency and critical care, and small animal surgery. At the master's level, candidates can pursue programs in animals and public policy, conservation medicine, and infectious diseases and global health.
The farm raises a variety of animals and figures into many core and elective courses for the DVD and veterinary technician programs. University of Wisconsin-Madison Location Wisconsin's largest and oldest college, UW serves more than 45,000 students annually.
UW does not offer veterinary programs at the undergraduate level, but exceptionally gifted first-year students can enroll in the Food Animal Veterinary Medical Scholars program, which provides mentorship and academic opportunities. These students can gain conditional acceptance to the DVD program after three years of undergraduate study.
The College of Veterinary Medicine has explored animal and human health issues for more than 75 years, maintaining a reputation for topnotch clinical care, education, and research. Occupying a 250-acre campus, the college serves as a center of clinical veterinary practice, seeing around 35,000 cases each year.
The biomedical sciences program enables candidates to specialize in many areas of study, including cell biology, immunology, infectious diseases, and neuroscience. As a top-tier veterinary college, CSU offers a robust selection of internship and residency opportunities.
As a well-funded state college, OF offers many opportunities for clinical and basic science research. Some of the school's major research topics include cardiovascular and respiratory physiology, integrative medicine, pain and anesthesia, and wildlife diseases.
The school's Department of Veterinary Medicine operates in partnership with Virginia Tech, serving as a leading center of research and education. UMD is home to major research initiatives in areas including bacteriology, epidemiology, immunology, phraseology, and virology.
UMD offers multiple veterinary programs at the bachelor's, master's, and doctoral level. UMD is home to the Center for Public and Corporate Veterinary Medicine, which emphasizes the role of veterinarians outside private practice.
The center maintains facilities on both the UMD and Virginia Tech campuses, training veterinary students for careers in the public and corporate sectors. University of Minnesota-Twin Cities Location One of the Midwest's top public colleges, URN serves more than 52,000 students annually.
The college is home to research clusters focused on diverse subjects including chronic disease biology, ecosystem health, and food safety and security. The MSU College of Veterinary Medicine is home to six academic departments, including molecular genetics, pharmacology and toxicology, pathology and diagnostic investigation, large animal sciences, and small animal sciences.
Along with a traditional doctor of veterinary medicine program, the school offers master's and Ph.D. options in areas such as comparative medicine and integrative biology, microbiology and molecular genetics, and environmental and integrative toxicological sciences. Virginia Tech enrolls around 700 veterinary students annually, and its hospitals treat more than 79,000 animals each year.
WSU is also home to the Washington Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, one of the Pacific Northwest's major vet testing labs. Undergraduates can pursue majors including biochemistry, genetics and cell biology, microbiology, and neuroscience.
WSU emphasizes international veterinary education, and candidates can complete up to two elective courses in this field. Entertain University Location A private college affiliated with the United Methodist Church, Entertain enrolls students of all religious backgrounds, offering a liberal arts education from its campus in Westerville, Ohio.
The school's Department of Equine Science provides a unique educational experience that focuses on the study of horses. Entertain's academic model centers on experiential learning and individualized study.
Candidates can also pursue undergraduate minors in equine business and equine-assisted activities and therapy. Undergraduates of all majors can also participate in a pre-veterinary program that prepares them for graduate study in veterinary science and medicine.
At the graduate level, UK offers master's and doctoral programs in veterinary science. Candidates can choose from nine specializations, including pathology, virology, genetics, and immunology.
U of I's status as a major center of research offers varied opportunities for students at all levels. Ohio State University-Main Campus Location Home to more than 61,000 students, OSU ranks among the nation's largest colleges.
The OSU College of Veterinary Medicine was established 1885 and has graduated more than 9,100 veterinarians since its founding. The college produces around 85% of all practicing veterinarians in Ohio and serves more than 72,000 animal patients annually.
The college comprises three departments: comparative biosciences, pathology, and veterinary clinical medicine. Veterinary candidates can pursue internships and residencies in several areas of study, such as anatomic pathology, ophthalmology, and small animal medicine.
The school is home to six academic departments, including medicine and epidemiology, population health and reproduction, and surgical and radiological sciences. UC Davis' veterinary school offers programs exclusively at the graduate level.
Program, which trains students to serve as both clinical practitioners and expert researchers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln Location One of Nebraska's major public colleges, UNL enrolls more than 25,000 students annually.
The school offers bachelor's, master's, and doctoral programs in several areas of veterinary study. Texas A&M offers veterinary degrees at the undergraduate and graduate level, including bachelor's, master's, and doctoral programs.
University of Missouri-Columbia Location Missouri's largest public college, Mizzou serves around 30,00 students annually. At the undergraduate level, Mizzou offers bachelor's degrees in animal sciences and microbiology.
Master's candidates can select from a variety of programs, with options including pathology, medicine and surgery, public health, and biomedical sciences. Saint Heights University Location A private Catholic college founded by the Adrian Dominican Sisters, SHU serves around 2,300 students annually.
The program is not an academic major, but it offers an undergraduate designation and advising services that prepare candidates for graduate veterinary study. Given the academic prerequisites for most graduate veterinary programs, students typically major in biology.
Regardless of their undergraduate major, SHU recommends that pre-veterinary students connect with an academic advisor as quickly as possible to determine an effective course of study. Recent graduates report a 100% pass rate on the North American Veterinary Licensing Examination.
Undergraduates can enroll in an associate of applied science in veterinary technology, preparing to serve as vet techs in clinical settings. At the graduate level, the school offers a comparative biomedical science program with both master's and Ph.D. options.