In 1898, the reason was cited by the New York Zoological Society when it resolved to inform the public of the continued decline in animal populations, to stimulate sentiment in favor of animal protection, and to cooperate with scientific organizations to ensure the preservation of species. Modern zoos play a critical role in the education of children and families about the various animals found on our planet.
Zoos also partner with local communities to extend the knowledge of animals and conservation to a wider audience. Placing such animals in zoos, especially those hunted and poached, provides them with a safe environment where the species can thrive.
With the dangers of climate change fast approaching, such measures are proving extremely important for the conservation of species. Recently Australia has had to face an unprecedented wave of bush fires that have been blamed on climate change.
The fires have destroyed vast areas of habitat and killed millions of animals, including Kangaroos, koalas, and other species unique to the continent. It is, therefore, essential to have animals in zoos and other areas where they can be accorded extra protection from such unpredictable events.
Extensive breeding programs at the zoo and reintroduction into wild habitats helped in saving the species from extinction. Other animals that have been preserved in protected areas such as zoos include the Golden Lion Tamarin, Arabian Onyx, Freshwater mussels, and the Puerto Rican Parrot.
In addition to providing residence to animals, zoos create jobs and tourism opportunities that generate revenue for the local community. Today zoos are staffed with highly trained personnel having specialized knowledge on the animals they are tasked to care for.
Many zoos also have veterinarians, pathologists, and technicians who can provide specialized care to animals, including parasite removal and other forms of treatment. Zoo personnel are also aware of the physical and dietary requirements that each species needs to maintain them in a healthy state.
Activities do not adequately replace migration and hunting requirements for animals, but they do eliminate deterioration and boredom at the zoo. Zoos support scientific research by allowing scientists easy access to specimens or species under study.
Such studies create models that help improve zoo conditions so that animals can live longer, breed more successfully, and be happier. Many zoos currently work in collaboration with universities that research the facilities and train professionals such as veterinarians who can then help care for animals.
Taking an animal from its natural habitat for the sole reason of human entertainment raises several moral and ethical issues. Once they were rescued, they were found to be suffering from malnutrition, kidney, and cardiac problems, as well as trauma from living in a war zone.
Due to a lack of activity, the elephant's feet began to deteriorate to a point where it became difficult for her to walk. Zoos that practice breeding programs face challenges when reintroducing animals back into the wild.
Restriction of some animals such as elephants adversely affects their migratory instincts leading to aggressive behavior. Some zoos continuously breed animals to get newborns to keep visitors coming and revenue streams flowing.
In addition to raising ethical and moral questions on such breeding, frequent births lead to overpopulation in a zoo with limited space. Many children love animals and are excited to see the exotic creatures they have read about in picture books.
Zoos like to claim that they are doing important work by helping to conserve endangered species. Even when endangered animals are kept and bred in zoos, they are rarely released into the wild.
What is the conservation value of breeding an endangered species and forcing it to spend its entire life in a cage? Additionally, zoos typically only bother with ‘popular’ animals such as elephants, tigers and giraffes.
Is it really educational to gawp at a miserable polar bear lying on a concrete slab, in a small enclosure with no ice or snow in sight? If you want your children to learn about animals, you would be better off showing them nature documentaries than taking them to a zoo.
Zoos like to breed baby animals because they are popular with visitors, but once they have grown up, they may no longer be wanted. Animals in zoos are in a very vulnerable position, unable to defend themselves and at the mercy of humans.
When an emergency such as a natural disaster occurs, they are not given priority, and they may simply be left to die. My parents occasionally took me to zoos and safari parks as a kid, and I remember that they never quite lived up to my expectations.
If you go to the zoo, you may see animals rocking back and forth, pacing, or displaying other odd, repetitive behaviors. These neurotic behaviors are a sign that the animals mental health is suffering, and are never seen in the wild.
It is a uniquely human trait that we can put animals in cages, far from their natural habitats and other members of their species, and claim that we are doing them a favor. It’s about time we admitted that zoos are a purely selfish invention, designed to entertain us at the animals expense.
Some are in aquariums, circuses, theme parks and zoos, others live caged at private homes. But few federal laws protect these animals, who may be forced to perform or kept confined in small cages with little to keep their minds occupied and bodies well.
It’s said that Texas has the world’s second-largest tiger population, due to private citizens’ propensity for keeping these big cats as pets. We do know that common animals kept as pets include lions, tigers, cougars, ocelots, serials, wolves, bears, alligators, snakes and nonhuman primates like chimpanzees.
These animals oftentimes live in inhumane conditions, and pose a serious threat to public safety. Young chimpanzees on movie sets are “trained” through regular beatings and then discarded around age 8 when they become too large to control.
Few federal laws protect the millions of wild animals who live in captivity in aquariums, circuses, theme parks and zoos in the U.S. For example, the law does not restrict the display or private ownership of captive wild animals or prohibit the use of controversial billhooks, whips, electrical shock or other devices commonly used in circuses.
A common criticism is that the inspectors are often inadequately trained to look for sign of problems such as abuse and neglect. The fewer than two dozen non-participants include North Korea, the Federated States of Micronesia, and Turkmenistan.
This treaty is credited with helping foster international cooperation to protect some endangered and vulnerable species. A criticism is that protections are less robust for species that are economically valuable, and that CITES is not as transparent in its decision-making or enforcement as would be ideal.
The ESA outlines procedures for federal agencies to follow regarding listed species, as well as criminal and civil penalties for violations. In 2018, the Eighth Circuit issued a unanimous decision in Cricket Hollow’s appeal of that case, that it can be a violation of the Endangered Species Act when captive animals aren’t given proper care.
There were five such states until 2017, when South Carolina passed a law banning wild and exotic animals to be kept as pets. In states without tight enough regulation, local jurisdictions oftentimes adopt ordinances that ban or restrict the display of captive wild animals.
They’re generally small menageries where wild and exotic animals like lions, tigers, monkeys, wolves, and others are kept in captivity, and often suffer badly. There is an undeniable thrill, seeing animals in zoos, circuses, movies, television shows, and amusement parks.
With increased awareness about the cruelty involved with keeping wild animals in captivity, more and more jurisdictions are enacting legal protections. The United Kingdom, for example, has announced a plan to phase out all circuses featuring wild animal performances by 2020.
There are dozens of other countries around the world with similar prohibitions, including Austria, Greece, Israel, Mexico, Peru and Singapore. Help inform others by writing letters to your local newspapers and posting to social media.
The court’s decision ensures Special Memories Zoo is permanently closed following Animal Legal Defense Fund lawsuit For decades, Fischbacher, with his business partner Roy Horn, ran an infamous Las Vegas show that forced white tigers and lions to perform tricks in front of large audiences.