The electric arc between the tungsten electrodes is very intense such that the gases and the metal salts inside the tube instantly turn into plasma. Specifically, the metal that is vaporized during the operation determines most of the properties of the HID lamps.
Also, radioactive isotopes of Krypton and Thorium mixed with argon gas are used to improve the characteristics of the lamps. Special protective measures are taken to prevent and radiation, when these isotopes are included in the tubes.
HID lamps are used when high intensity of light is required over large expanses. They are typically used in large open buildings such as gymnasiums, warehouses, hangars, and in open areas that need to be illuminated such as roads, football stadiums, parking lots, and amusement parks.
HID lamps are also used as headlights of automotive and as light sources in underwater diving. When the electric arc is created, xenon gas turns into plasma and the electron transition to lower states produces a bright white light, close to the daylight.
It produces light primarily with the help of the noble gas xenon and metal salts. This transparent tube contains the xenon gas which kick starts the arc’s initial strike when high voltage is applied.
Once started, metal salts in the arc tube heat up and evaporate to become plasma. This plasma intensifies the light created by the arc while reducing its power requirement.
There is also a large amount of pressure involved in operating a bulb like this, thus it can pose a safety hazard if its enclosure is compromised. A xenon HID lamp wears out faster when it gets turned on and off frequently, and not because of how long it is used.
It is designed to emulate a xenon HID bulb in terms of light production and performance. While a xenon lamp does contain a certain amount of the noble gas, it does not operate on the same technology HID bulbs do.
You’ll know you’re looking at a xenon gas bulb if its product code starts with the letter “D.” If you’re thinking about buying a new or used car, you may have noticed that some models offer a choice between Xenon and LED headlights.
Editor’s Note: This article has been updated for accuracy since it was originally published. High Intensity Discharge, or HID lamps, are a type of light fixture that offer several advantages compared to the traditional incandescent, or fluorescent lamps.
There are many light fixtures that are considered as HID, depending on the construction and the materials that are used for the bulb, and Xenon is just one of them. This gas lights up when high voltage is applied.
HID lights are more efficient in producing light compared to traditional fluorescent or incandescent bulbs, meaning that they produce a brighter light at a given power rating. They are also more consistent when it comes to temperature fluctuations, making them better suited for outdoor applications.
Xenon lamps are considered to be a special type of HID due to a few factors. Unlike most HID lamps that do not reach full brightness until they are hot enough, Xenon lamps do not need to warm-up, and provide instant bright light.
The first is the need for extremely high voltages in order to start and operate a Xenon bulb. Voltages across the terminals can be as high as 30 thousand volts to start the arc across the electrodes of the bulb.
Other HID bulbs do require higher voltages compared to other traditional light bulbs, but it is not as high as that of Xenon lamps. With pressures that exceed 100 atmospheres at times, these bulbs can be an explosion hazard, and can cause damage when its enclosure fails.
HID is a type of light fixture that creates brighter light, and lasts longer, while Xenon is a subtype of HID that contains Xenon gas instead of the other alternatives. In this guide, we’ll explain the difference between all three types of Xenon HID bulbs, so you can get a deeper understanding on the subject and be ready to choose the perfect Xenon HID kit for your specific car, truck or motorcycle.
Bi-Xenon and Hi-Low beam bulbs are designed for dual-beam headlight systems, which is when a vehicle requires only one bulb for both the high and the low beam function. On the other hand, regular Xenon bulbs are for vehicles that require separate bulbs for each of the low and high beams, commonly known as single-beam headlight systems.
There is, however, one important caveat to consider: it is not the driver that decides whether to use a single-beam (Xenon) or a dual-beam (Bi-Xenon/Hi-Low) bulb but rather the vehicle. Many drivers think they can outsmart their vehicle’s lighting system and save money by buying dual-beam bulbs, but they will simply not fit or work.
Vehicles require specific bulb sizes, and they must be respected. Use our Vehicle Finder to find the exact bulbs needed for your specific car, truck, motorcycle or snowmobile.
With a dual-beam headlight system, you would only require two Bi-Xenon HID bulbs to cover both your high and low beams. As such, Bi- Xenon have a special mechanism to create the extra light for when the brights (high beam) are activated.
Hi-Low beams are generally cheaper than Bi- Xenons, but they are less bright for the high beam since Xenon His are significantly brighter than halogens. Only regular Xenon bulbs (single-beam) will fit in fog lights and single-beam headlights.
Xenon are significantly brighter, cooler and more efficient than halogens. Xenon are single-beam bulbs (one for each the low and the high beam function) designed for single-beam headlight systems.
Can I Put Hi-Low Beam Headlight Bulbs in my Fog Lights? It can be a horrendous and extremely challenging task especially if you are exhausted or when the weather takes a turn for the worse.
This makes it incredibly easy to identify any potential hazards much sooner and safely avoid them. Unlike traditional halogen bulbs, these provide a crisp and whitish blue light which is clearer and illuminates the road far ahead better.
Contrary to common misconception, they are not a recent invention; in fact Xenon headlights have been around since the early 1990s and their popularity keeps growing. These headlight bulbs are made using “Xenon” a harmless chemical element which is categorized as a noble gas.
Xenon is made up of 6 odorless chemical elements which are generally colorless and extremely stable under typical atmospheric pressures and temperatures. In traditional halogen bulbs, light is emitted because of a huge electrical resistance which is caused by passing current through a thin metallic wire (filament).
The role of the Xenon gas is to greatly amplify the light emitted when arc of electricity passes from one electrode to another. Traditional halogen bulbs consist of a filament which is essentially a narrow wire which allows electric current to pass through it.
Since Xenon HID lights do not use a filament which weakens overtime, they last much longer that traditional halogen bulbs which saves money. In regular headlights current passes through a metal filament to emit light, while in High Intensity Discharge bulbs create an arc between contacts and the xenon gas help to amplify brightness.
It is important to only purchase these kits from a reputable seller who sells high quality items that have been tried and tested. We also sell replacement high quality Xenon HID Bulbs on this site at an affordable price.
Aside from the improved safety, Xenon headlights are more aesthetically pleasing and can often transform the look of an older vehicle to looking much more modern that it actually is.