Are Washington Hawthorn Berries Edible

Maria Garcia
• Wednesday, 04 November, 2020
• 10 min read

Craters phaenopyrum, WashingtonHawthorn leaves and berries (photo By: Nadia talent / Wikimedia Commons) Washington hawthorn tree (Craters phaenopyrum) is a common ornamental landscape tree in the Eastern and Central United States. Although this article focuses on the washingtonhawthorn tree the information here applies to many other species in the genus.

berries hawthorn roadside washington edible eating berry field notes they
(Source: roadsidefieldnotes.blogspot.com)


Washington hawthorn tree is native to the US and serves as an important food source for wildlife such as squirrels and birds. The culinary and medicinal use of plants in the hawthorn genus: Craters goes back thousands of years to many people and cultures around the globe.

Hawthorn fruits are produced in the fall and hang on into mid winter. Hawthorn berries, young leaves and fresh hawthorn flowers are known to lower blood pressure and have a general tonic effect on the heart.

There are numerous hawthorn products that focus on cardiovascular health on the market. Combining hawthorn with Hibiscus is one way to reap the heart and blood pressure benefits of both plants.

3) The fruits of all species are poms(apple-like) but might be difficult to determine as such since the seeds in the middle sometimes stick together. The leaf shape tends to be shallowly to deeply lobed as well as serrated and pyramidal.

Hawthorn is a delicious cultivated and wild edible fruit for many parts of the world. In the eastern US washingtonhawthorn is a very common native species, promoting and growing this plant is great for human and animal foragers.

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(Source: ouroneacrefarm.com)

Add Hawthorn to your diet for a healthy tasty winter snack. Many of our readers find that subscribing to Eat The Planet is the best way to make sure they don't miss any of our valuable information about wild edibles.

Hawthorn berries: identify, harvest, and make an extract | They are sweet and mild if you get them at just the right time, and in past years I was tasting them too early in fall.

I owe some credit to Josh Cocteau’s recent hawthorn post, which inspired me to try hawthorn berries again. They are beautiful, interesting, and tasty wild edibles with known health benefits.

Scroll down to the bottom of the page to see how I am making hawthorn berry extract. Washington hawthorn (Craters phaenopyrum): berries, leaves, thorns in early November.

This grows as a small tree or large shrub, and bears clusters of white flowers in late spring. The tree is heavily armed with long thorns, up to about 3 inches in length.

washington hawthorn tree fruits kiyanti2008 berries weblog
(Source: kiyanti2008.wordpress.com)

However, with reasonable caution, you can easily harvest the berries, which tend to hang away from branch. It’s even easier later in the season after many of the leaves have fallen and no longer obscure the thorns.

Also called common hawthorn, this is a European native which has escaped cultivation and naturalized in North America. It is sometimes branded as an invasive plant, but I don’t find it very often, and when I do see it, there isn’t a lot of it in one area.

Like Washington hawthorn, single-seeded hawthorn grows as a shrub or small tree, and bears clusters of white blooms in late spring. The oval red berries ripen a little earlier (than Washington hawthorn) in fall and contain a single seed (hence the name).

Hawthorns are common in the forest understory here in Massachusetts, but those are scrawny specimens which do not fruit well. To find fruit laden hawthorns, look in sunny spots, such as shrubby fields and thickets, at pasture edges, and along streams.

They are often planted as ornamentals, so if your friend has one and doesn’t mind you picking some berries, you have an easy foraging experience at your fingertips. Wildlife tracker, camera trapper, forager, and gardener, with a background in conservation biology.

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(Source: www.pinterest.com)

Hawthorn berries are not commonly used as an edible fruit since the taste is not particularly special compared to the wide variety of fruits found today, however, the berries are quite delicious when made into jams, jellies or preserves, and they are very high in vitamin C. Like many other hawthorns, the berries of C. Douglas have been used to produce a concoction beneficial as a heart tonic.

The berries are produced in large clusters and can be picked off the tree and eaten raw or boiled and simmered to make a jam or dessert. It is an easy and hardy plant to grow and will begin to bear fruit in five to nine years like most hawthorns.

The Chinese use the berries to make snacks and Haw flakes, a dark pink candy. They also produce a snack called manful, which is made from candied haw fruits.

The berries can be dried and ground to use as a coffee substitute, or added in baking, in addition to being consumed in jellies, jams and preserves. Craters pubescent is the Mexican hawthorn (relocate), native to the mountainous regions of Mexico.

The large, crab–apple-like fruits are eaten raw, as jam, or cooked and placed in piñatas during Christmas celebration festivities. As per plant taxonomists, the WashingtonHawthorn tree is classified as the Craters Phaenopyrum.

washington hawthorn tree street trees hawthorne seeds kiyanti2008 crataegus weblog state taste update
(Source: kiyanti2008.wordpress.com)

These flowers, known for their distinctive odor, eventually produce berries (usually red) that stay on the branches till winter. During the summer, the Washington hawthorn shimmers with shiny, dark green leaves.

During autumn, Washington hawthorns flash brilliant shades of orange and red. Washington hawthorn trees are generally very attractive, and they have thick foliage which can be used as privacy shades if grown in a big group.

Many homeowners use Washington hawthorns as security hedges by pruning the sharp thorns. The dense foliage of the Washington hawthorns also makes them great shade trees.

WashingtonHawthorn trees grow best in well drained soil and require a good amount of sunlight. However, once their roots take firm hold of the ground, they can withstand some doubt periods as well.

The biggest difference is in the leaves, which, unlike those on C. navigate and C. phaenopyrum, are unloved. A salt-tolerant, slow grower, the Indian hawthorn requires a lot of sunlight.

hawthorn thorns washington berries identify tree trees invasive extract harvest ouroneacrefarm identification wild fruit apple plants herbs crataegus seeds phaenopyrum
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It blooms with pink or white flower clusters which eventually turn into blue colored berries. The Indian hawthorn is also sought out for its beautiful dark green leaves.

Seeing “Hawthorne” in a book is a great reason to be convinced that it might be the correct spelling for the tree as well. It consists of “haw” (name for the berry of Craters navigate) and “thorn” (for its thorny branches).

Since it's a late bloomer, it can be used to keep your garden looking flowery and colorful during the gap between the spring blooms and autumn foliage. Early blooming trees are definitely great right after winter, but they wither away quickly.

You can plant some late Washington hawthorns in your garden to ensure that it's bright and colorful for longer. University of Illinois Extension horticulture programs inspired citizens in local communities to grow their own food and improve their home landscapes.

Here are a few examples of how our programs impacted the residents of Fulton, Mason, Peoria, and Farewell counties in 2014. High quality, impactful programs taught homeowners how to create energy efficient landscapes using sustainable practices that increase property values.

washington hawthorn tree bonsai native eastern kiyanti2008 deciduous virginia berries bees flowers soil weblog phaenopyrum crataegus botanic ornamental alabama autumn
(Source: kiyanti2008.wordpress.com)

We provided information to impacted homeowners on how to remove debris safely and plan for a new landscape. Traditional programs, media, social media, garden day events, fair booths and more taught citizens about the Emerald Ash Borer pest invasion and other plant problems.

The thirty participants included local officials, municipalities, park districts, arborists, and others impacted by the recent emerald ash borer findings in Peoria and Farewell counties. Working with partners, horticultural professionals were kept current at symposiums and workshops.

All in 2014, over a hundred presentations provided more than 20,000 people with a direct horticultural message, with even more reached through Liverwort social media sites. There you’ll find links to my social media pages, blogs, news releases, a calendar of events, and so much more.

Other Liverwort Pinterest boards include “Indoor Plants,” “Big and Historic Trees,” “Canning & Freezing,” and “All Things Christmas.” They are all available at www.pinterest.com/ILRiverHort. I invite you to take a few minutes (or hours) this winter to learn something new on one of our Pinterest Extension sites.

Shoppers spend 12 percent more for good sold on tree lined streets. Trees simply make us feel better, providing a sense of peace and serenity from hectic lifestyles.

hawthorn washington mayflower edible tree seeds fruit shrub flowers
(Source: www.seedvilleusa.com)

Research at University of Illinois Landscape and Human Health Lab firmly establishes the importance of trees to stronger, safer communities and robust concentration, self-control, and coping in individuals (http://lhhl.illinois.edu/about.htm). Their leaves provide needed summer shade and reduce air conditioning use.

As we approach the holiday season it seems appropriate to discuss the controversy of real versus artificial Christmas trees. The average family uses an artificial tree for six to nine years, and then it remains for centuries in the landfill after disposal.

Mr. Poinsettia was the first United States Ambassador to Mexico being appointed by President Andrew Jackson in the 1820s. Because of his interest in botany, Mr. Poinsettia introduced the American Elm into Mexico.

In 1828, he found a beautiful shrub with large red flowers growing next to a road. In the early 1900s, the Eke family of southern California grew poinsettias outdoors for use as landscape plants and as a cut flower.

The Paul Eke Ranch in California grows over 80 percent of poinsettias in the United States for the wholesale market. Ninety per cent of all the flowering poinsettias in the world got their start at the Paul Eke Ranch.

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In its native Mexico, poinsettias are a perennial flowering shrub that can grow to ten feet tall. In fact, a study at Ohio State University showed that a 50-pound child who ate 500 bracts might have a slight stomach ache.

To see a beautiful display of poinsettias, go to Lu thy Botanical Gardens in Peoria this holiday season. I was recently asked to identify a hawthorn tree growing on the Bradley campus in Peoria.

The flowers, foliage, winter berries, and dense growth all make it an attention getting tree. It has shiny, rather small leaves that develop fall colors ranging from orange to purple.

The profuse array of white flowers appears as large clusters in early June. The bright red clusters of berries ripen in September and last all winter.

It has a broad rounded shape with wide spreading slender thorny branches. I helped plant them when I worked for the Canton Park District during college summers.

hawthorn berries mangosteen purple health remedy malaria powerful found
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Cock spur hawthorn has relatively small (2 to 3 inch) glossy, dark green leaves. The flowers are relatively unimportant, but the fruit (apples) are deep red, ½-inch in diameter and last into January.

A better choice for homeowners is the hornless variety (Craters crustal var. Attributes include a lovely vase-shaped habit, dark green leaves, white flowers, lasting red fruit, and beautiful colored bark.

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