Are The Voyagers Still Operating

Carole Stephens
• Monday, 25 January, 2021
• 7 min read

As of February 5, Voyager 2 remains stable, has resumed taking science data and it's continuing to be evaluated, the agency said. One overall struggle for both Voyager spacecraft is maintaining power, which is needed for the science instruments and the heaters that keep them from freezing in deep space.

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That boundary is the outermost edge of the Oort Cloud, a group of small objects influenced by the gravity of our sun. They will be able to take unprecedented observations in this part of interstellar space and send them back to mission scientists.

The scientists can still communicate with Voyager 2, even in interstellar space, but the data takes about 16.5 hours to travel back to Earth. The spacecraft was expected to make a scheduled maneuver and rotate360 degrees to help calibrate its magnetometer, or magnetic field instrument.

But data from Voyager 2 showed a delay in this maneuver, which also left two systems running on high power at the same time. That triggered the spacecraft's fault protection software routine, which responds if it senses that Voyager 2 is consuming too much energy.

On Tuesday, engineers were able to shut down one of the systems using a large amount of power and turn the science instruments back on, according to NASA. MPI/Getty Images In the history of spaceflight, only five spacecraft ever launched by humanity possess enough energy to leave the gravitational pull of our Solar System.

A combination of fast launch speeds and gravitational assists from other planets were required to leave our Solar System, with only Pioneer 10 and 11, Voyager 1 and 2, and New Horizons attaining “escape velocity” from our Sun. NASA / JPL-CaltechWhile Pioneer 10 and 11 are now inactive, New Horizons and both Voyager spacecrafts remain operational, powered by radioisotope thermoelectric generators.

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Since the coronavirus pandemic in mid-March, NASA has had no contact with Voyager 2, but an upgraded deep space network dish made a successful call on October 29. At distances of 148 and 125 Astronomical Units, respectively, both Voyager 1 and 2 have passed the ... menopause and have successfully entered interplanetary space.

As time goes on, more and more of the material decays away, decreasing the power available to the spacecraft for both transmitting and receiving signals. As of 2020, the plutonium-238 onboard is producing just 69% of the initial heat energy, and that translates into only about ~50% of the original output power.

The key is through NASA’s Deep Space Network : a collection of radio antennae designed to communicate with humanity’s most distant spacecraft. Crews conduct critical upgrades and repairs to the 70-meter-wide (230-foot-wide) radio antenna Deep ... Space Station 43 in Canberra, Australia.

CSIROThere are three major radio antenna facilities around the world: one in Canberra, Australia, one in Madrid, Spain, and one in Gold stone, California. NASA / Jet Propulsion Lathe trip to Neptune still, even to this day, represents the only close encounter humanity has ever had with our Solar System’s eighth and final (for now) planet, as well as with Triton, the largest known object to originate in our Kuiper belt.

The discoveries from that flyby were spectacular, as a number of fantastic features were discovered: Neptune’s ring system, a number of small, inner moons, and a series of features on Triton, including cryovolcanism and varied terrain similar to what we’d discover some 26 years later when New Horizons flew past Pluto. Over the past 31 years, it’s continued to follow that trajectory, rendering it invisible to every member of the Deep Space Network except for the one dish in Australia.

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This image of NASA's Deep Space Station 43 (DSS43) radio telescope belies its massive size. At 70 ... meters in diameter, it's the only transmitter in the Southern Hemisphere that's large enough and powerful enough to send commands to Voyager 2.

Fortunately, the decision was made to upgrade all of these, which should enable NASA to do what no other facility can do: send commands to Voyager 2. Voyager 2 can only be sent commands from one telescope now: NASA's Deep Space Network's sole member in the Southern Hemisphere.

Image: Phoenix7777/Wikimedia Commons; Data: HORIZONS System, GPL, NASA On October 29, 2021, enough of the upgrades had been executed that mission operators for Voyager 2 decided to perform a critical test: to send a series of commands to Voyager 2 for the first time since the upgrades began. Although it takes about 36 light-hours for a signal to travel round-trip from Earth to Voyager 2, NASA announced on November 2 that the test was successful.

Voyager 2 returned a signal that confirmed the call was received, followed by a successful execution of the commands. Both worlds ... are covered in a mix of nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and water-based ices, but Triton is larger and has a significantly higher density.

The upgraded infrastructure will play a critical role in any upcoming Moon-to-Mars exploration efforts, will support any crewed missions such as Artemis, will provide communication and navigation infrastructure, and will also assist with communications to NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover, scheduled to land on Mars on February 18, 2021. It was expanded to 70 meters (230 feet) 15 years later, but none of the subsequent repairs or upgrades compare to the work being done today.

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As long as these spacecraft remain operational in some capacity, simply continuing to upgrade our facilities here on Earth will enable us to gather data for years, and likely even decades, to come. Voyager 1 and 2 are already the most distant operational spacecraft ever launched from Earth, and continue to set new records.

They’ve both passed the menopause and entered interstellar space, probing different celestial hemispheres as they go. Each new piece of data they send back is a first: the first time we’ve directly sampled space outside our Solar System from so far away.

Launched in 1977, Voyagers 1 and 2 are the longest-running spacecraft, still operating at more than 11 billion miles from home, decades after the end of their nominal goal of exploring the outer solar system planets. The craft has five functioning instruments remaining, which it still uses to collect data and send back to Earth on its long journey into deep space.

After all these years The Voyager spacecraft launched in 1977 as twin spacecraft, each with ten instruments to explore space and tour the solar system, sending back humanity’s first close-up look at most of the outer planets. But since 1989, both have been exploring the empty space beyond the planets, and returning priceless information about how far the solar atmosphere extends its influence.

Most of them have been switched off intentionally, as the imaging cameras, for instance, are not useful so far from any sunlight or photographical objects. But they are still measuring cosmic rays, magnetic fields and other charged particles that fill interstellar space far beyond the worldly realm of the planets.

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By measuring these particles, astronomers are learning just how far the Sun’s energy extends, and how those fields interact with the interstellar medium beyond the solar system’s edges. In 2017, engineers turned on Voyager 1’s older thrusters, ones that hadn’t been used in 37 years.

They have pushed the instruments to new limits, and are proving that these pioneers, aged as they are, can still reveal powerful information about the cosmos. Bermudians marooned on a dream cruise, which turned into a nightmare after a Covid-19 outbreak, are back on home soil.

Twenty-two people, whose ship was denied entry to ports in the Southern Hemisphere, returned on two private jets and said they were delighted to be back at last. Pamela May bury, the travel agent and one of the passengers, said: “We were all very relieved when the plane touched down.

The Coral Princess set out from Santiago, Chile, on March 5 for a 32-day cruise around South America and the Caribbean. The ship got as far as the Falkland Islands, but was denied entry to other ports, because of the pandemic, including its final destination in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, on the weekend.

There were 34 Bermudians on the ship at first, but 12 managed to catch a flight from Buenos Aires, Argentina. They travelled to the airport in a bus escorted by police, after the ship was granted permission by Argentine authorities to enter port.

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The rest missed another flight because of a delay in the return of the bus to the ship to pick up the remainder and were stranded on board. An unsuccessful attempt to disembark passengers in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was also made.

No one was allowed on shore, but samples were sent for tests while the vessel was in port, after some passengers showed “flu-like symptoms”. Another passenger died last Saturday at a Miami-area hospital after a hours-long wait to be transported ashore.

Mrs May bury explained: “They were not complaining on the ship and when we got off of the flight most of them asked ‘what trip are we doing next? Two RAF Voyager aircraft have begun flying between the UK and southern Afghanistan, months ahead of schedule.

An RAF Voyager aircraft at Camp Bastion, Afghanistan Service personnel returning home from Afghanistan this Christmas is the first to fly all the way from Camp Bastion to Prize Norton on board the RAF’s new Voyager aircraft.

Pictures released today show personnel boarding the aircraft at Camp Bastion and returning home to the UK in time for Christmas. I’ve missed my family whilst away, it’s fantastic to be going home to spend Christmas with them.

(Source: www.andro.gr)

Home bound troops boarding the Voyager aircraft at Camp Bastion Not only can troops now have a more comfortable and reliable journey to and from operations, the aircraft can also refuel our fighter jets and in future will support humanitarian aid efforts.

101 Squadrons’s new role in support of the forthcoming drawdown and bringing troops to and from Afghanistan is a further development of the aircraft’s operational capability.

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1 en.wikipedia.org - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicola_Walker
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5 - /rebates/welcome