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Condition New Vehicle Type Boat Category Center Console Stock Number 80768077 LOA (Length) 20 ft 7 in Beam (Width) 8 ft 4 in Propulsion Type Powered Engine Power 200 HP Dry Weight 3000 lbs Hull Material Fiberglass Solid alloy gray hull, Stryker t-top powder coated white with 5 rod rocket launchers, Leaning post cover and console cover, tilt steering helm, Sim rad GO7 Touch multifunction chart plotter/fish finder, trim tabs with indicators, leader helm mat, portapottie, leaning post, bow filler cushion, cockpit table with dedicated storage, stainless steel drink ...
Sinking of MV Conception Date September 2, 2019 TimeApproximately 3 a.m. PDTUTC07:00 LocationPlatts Harbor, Santa Cruz Island, California, United States Coordinates34°0251N119°4406W / 34.04750°N 119.73500°W / 34.04750; -119.73500Coordinates : 34°0251N119°4406W / 34.04750°N 119.73500°W / 34.04750; -119.73500 CauseFireOutcome(See Aftermath section)Deaths34Non-fatal injuries5 Location of sinking in the Channel Islands : Show map of California sinking of MV Conception occurred on September 2, 2019, when the 75-foot (23 m) dive boat caught fire and eventually sank off the coast of Santa Cruz Island, California, United States.
The boat was anchored overnight at Plants Harbor, a small undeveloped bay on the north shore of the island, with 33 passengers and 1 crew member asleep below decks when fire broke out shortly after 3 a.m. Five of the crew members, whose sleeping quarters were on the top deck, were forced by the fire to jump overboard but not before placing an initial mayday call to the Coast Guard and attempting to alert the passengers. The crew retrieved the Conception's skiff and motored to a nearby boat where a second radio dispatch was made.
The loss of the boat spurred a rescue operation by the United States Coast Guard. MV Conception was a 75-foot (23 m) live aboard boat built in Long Beach, California, and launched in 1981.
It was one of three dive boats owned by Truth Aquatics, which operates charter excursions from Santa Barbara Harbor for groups of divers interested in exploring the Channel Islands, located close to the coast of Southern California across the Santa Barbara Channel from Santa Barbara and Ventura County. The boat had been refurbished at a cost of more than $1 million following an incident in 2005 when it had been stolen and run aground.
Federal and international regulations require boats over a certain size to be made of fire resistant materials and to include fire sprinklers and smoke detectors wired into the ship's electronics or linked to the bridge. Given the vessel's age and size, Conception, at less than 100 GT and with fewer than 49 berths, was not covered by those regulations.
It was constructed of wood covered with fiberglass, as permitted by regulations last updated in 1978. At the time of the fire, Conception was believed to be in compliance with those regulations, and the most recent Coast Guard inspections in February 2019 and August 2018 did not result in any noteworthy violations.
The main deck, just below the upper deck, included a large cabin, which had a galley (in the forward portion of the cabin) where the crew could prepare meals and a salon (in the aft portion) with seating for meals. The lower deck also contained the shower area, anchor locker, engine room, and Lafayette (a machinery space).
The designer of the vessel stated that there were two exits from the lower deck bunk room: a forward staircase at the bow end of the vessel that led up to the galley area, and an aft escape hatch located above one of the bunks, which led to the salon. Santa Barbara County Sheriff Bill Brown stated both exits appeared to have been blocked by fire during the disaster.
General arrangement of decks, MV Conception (from NTSB factual report) Conception departed Santa Barbara Harbor at 4:04 a.m. on August 31 and arrived at a dive location near Albert Anchorage, on the south side of Santa Cruz Island, by 8:30 a.m. that morning. Conception then sailed to the eastern side of the island and anchored in Smuggler's Cove overnight.
10 As part of their regular nighttime routine, the crew had an unwritten policy to shut down the circuit breakers to de-energize the galley burners and griddle. The excursion held a night dive at Quail Rock, on the northern coast near the western end of the island, from 8:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. on September 1.
The returning divers stowed flashlights, cameras, and photo strobes on the two aft tables in the salon; some of these were plugged in to charge alongside cellular phones and tablets. 10 The first galley hand recalled that when he plugged in his phone to charge that night, he “saw sparks” at the receptacle.
On the night of the fire, the second galley hand woke at approximately 1:30 a.m. and went to the galley to wash dishes; he did not see any other passengers or crew awake at the time. After emptying the trash, he went back to sleep in the crew quarters on the upper deck at approximately 2:35 a.m. 11 He later awoke to the sound of a pop in the dark and believed it to be a disoriented crew member or passenger.
11 Upon leaving his bed to attempt to aid the individual, he discovered an uncontrollable fire on the main deck below. The second galley hand returned to wake the remaining crew on the upper deck, and two mayday calls were placed at approximately 3:14 a.m. from the wheelhouse of the Conception.
The second galley hand was the first to descend, lowering himself after leaving the wheelhouse through the wing station door on the port side of the boat. He tried to go aft to retrieve fire extinguishers, but his path was blocked by smoke and flames billowing out of the salon windows.
The ship's captain said the aft escape hatch was engulfed in fire and the surviving crew could do nothing to help the passengers and the second deckhand, who were all sleeping in the lower deck berths. 12 Flames prevented the crew from accessing the salon along both the port and starboard exterior walkways to rescue the trapped passengers.
At this time, the captain was transmitting mayday signals; after connecting to the watch standers at Coast Guard Sector Los Angeles/Long Beach, the captain transmitted “39 POB . 13 Access to the firefighting stations, at the port and starboard exterior sides of the aft end of the saloon, was blocked by the fire.
All five crew members eventually leapt into the ocean from the bow to escape the fire; the second captain, the first deckhand, and the captain retrieved the boat's skiff (an inflatable dinghy) from the stern, and, after retrieving the remaining crew, paddled approximately 200 yards (180 m) to the only boat moored nearby, the Grape Escape. Both the second captain and first deckhand deboarded the stern of Conception, and both were unable to access the lower deck in separate attempts.
The first deckhand attempted to enter the engine room on the lower deck to start the fire pump, but the space was filled with white/gray smoke. 11 The second captain noted the stricken vessel still had power while using the electric winch to lower the skiff from the stern.
The surviving crew put out another mayday alert from the Grape Escape at 3:29 a.m. and the second captain and first deckhand returned to the Conception in the skiff to search for survivors. :14–15 While waiting for aid, small explosions were heard from the Conception, believed by the crew to be caused by the pressurized dive cylinders rupturing from the heat of the fire.
One of the distress calls sent from the Conception initially suggested that at least one individual below deck was awake, as a man's voice was recorded screaming “Mayday! However, Glen Fritter, the owner of Truth Aquatics, clarified the first mayday calls had been made by the captain of the Conception from the wheelhouse before he evacuated from the boat.
USCG Narwhal at Santa Cruz Island (September 2019)Coast Guard Sector Los Angeles–Long Beach received the mayday calls at approximately 3:14 a.m. 12 The call was received via Channel 16 VHF, advising that Conception was in distress with 39 persons on board. Because the captain had abandoned the boat shortly afterward and was unable to respond to follow-up requests, a precise location was not provided and the emergency had not been declared as a fire; the location was estimated from the last automatic identification system broadcast from Conception, and the Sector Command Center (SCC) in San Pedro issued an Urgent Marine Information Broadcast (MIB) at 3:22 a.m. 12 Boats and helicopters from the Coast Guard, the Ventura County and Santa Barbara County Fire Departments, and a private company, Towboats Ventura (formerly Vessel Assist Ventura) were dispatched to the site.
The SCC telephoned Coast Guard Station Channel Islands Harbor (in Ventura) at 3:23 a.m. to dispatch them to the scene for a medical emergency. Channel Islands Harbor Station personnel radioed the Ventura County Fire Department (CFD) and requested Medic Engine 53 (the closest unit) to respond to the scene aboard a Coast Guard vessel which was preparing to leave.
14 The SCC also coordinated the dispatch of USCG Narwhal (WPB-87335), based in Corona Del Mar, and CG 6540, a HH-65 Dolphin helicopter which had been forward deployed to Point Mug from Air Station San Francisco. 14;18 The SCC learned the emergency was a fire after the captain of the Grape Escape radioed the Coast Guard at 3:29 a.m.; :14 during the ensuing dialogue, the captain of the Conception clarified that five had escaped, but 34 were still trapped aboard and the vessel was “fully engulfed to the deck”.
16 Upon hearing the conversation, Channel Islands Harbor Station launched Response Boat -Medium (RB-M) CG 45643 at 3:42 a.m. immediately. 16 The CFD crew arrived at 3:46 a.m., and RB-M CG 45739 was launched at 3:49 a.m. with them onboard, after they had been briefed.
16–17 Channel Islands Harbor Patrol dispatched Boat 15 at 4:04 a.m. with the crew of CFD Engine 54 aboard, and Ventura City Harbor Patrol dispatched Boat 1 at 4:56 a.m. with the crew of CFD Engine 26. 17 In between, Towboats Ventura dispatched Retriever II, a 26 ft (7.9 m) Amber AM800 rigid-hull inflatable boat, from Ventura Harbor by 4:21 a.m. Key locations for final voyage of Conception and responding sites (all times local) Aug 31:4 a.m.: Conception departs Sea Landing / Santa Barbara Harbor for a three-day dive excursion, chartered by Worldwide Diving Adventures Sep 2, early morning: Fire starts aboard Conception, anchored overnight in Plants Harbor, Santa Cruz Island 3:14 a.m.: Sector LA/LB receives first mayday calls 3:23–3:42 a.m.: Station CIH alerted & dispatches two RB–Ms to site (both arrive 4:32 a.m.); more firefighting boats dispatched at 4:5 a.m. 3:25–4:22 a.m.: GAS SF, FOB Point Mug alerted & dispatches HH-65 Dolphin helicopter (arrives 4:32 a.m.) 4:21 a.m.: Towboats Ventura Retriever II enroute to scene, arrives by 5:04 a.m. approx.
6 a.m.: Narwhal dispatched from Corona del Mar At 4:17 a.m., the Coast Guard advised the surviving crew aboard the Grape Escape to set out again to search for survivors; they searched fruitlessly in the waters around Conception as well as the rocks of Plants Harbor. The rigging on Grape Escape made a helicopter rescue too challenging, :18 so Grape Escape proceeded to Station Channel Islands Harbor, starting at 4:55 a.m. carrying the surviving crew except the captain, who remained onsite aboard CG 45739 to assist.
The anchor line of the Conception burned through and the boat began to drift towards the island, raising fears it might ignite onshore vegetation. In addition, since Conception had drifted into shallower waters, most of the fire boats on-scene were unable to continue fighting the fire for lack of clearance, including a shallow-draft Santa Barbara Harbor Patrol boat.
Although the two initial-response RB-Ms onsite had portable 250 US gal/min (950 L/min) watering pumps that could be used for firefighting, the CFD determined they would not be effective, and they began searching the waters for survivors, as the magnitude of the fire aboard Conception meant there was no one left alive onboard the vessel. 18 The helicopter CG 6540 remained on station until forced to return to Point Mug for fuel at 5:09 a.m., using their forward-looking infrared (FLIR) camera to search for potential survivors in the water; conditions were excellent for the search, and the FLIR was able to pick up seagulls from a distance of 1 2 mi (0.80 km), but no survivors were found.
In order to attempt to fight the fire and allow fire boats to reach the vessel, a grappling line was secured and the still-burning Conception was towed out to deeper water by Retriever II. The fire had burned to the waterline of the hull, which was also full of water from firefighting efforts.
Conception was then towed by Retriever II back to shallower waters to aid in its recovery, but the boat sank stern-first about four hours after the fire broke out at 6:54 a.m., :18 coming to rest upside-down at a depth of 64 feet (20 m) approximately 20 yards (18 m) from the north shore of Santa Cruz Island. Coast Guard cutter Narwhal arrived at 8:32 a.m., approximately two hours after being dispatched and assumed on-scene command upon arrival, remaining at Plants Harbor for four days to coordinate rescue and recovery operations.
Four floating bodies were initially recovered at the time of the sinking, and another sixteen were pulled from the water later. Another five bodies were visible in the vessel but unreachable because of concerns about unsafe conditions on the boat.
By September 4, all but one of the bodies had been recovered, with around 80 divers from six different agencies searching including members of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The last body was located by divers from the Santa Barbara County Sheriff and recovered on September 11.
It is believed that the youngest was age 16 and the oldest were in their 60s, with a majority of the victims from Santa Cruz and the Bay Area. DNA from family members was used by the Santa Barbara County coroner to identify the bodies.
Identification was delayed by the loss of the onboard passenger manifest and difficulties in locating a second copy. The coroner determined that the cause of death was smoke inhalation, determined by toxicology tests showing lethal levels of carbon monoxide in their blood and the presence of black soot in their tracheae.
The coroner was unable to determine the victims' locations within the bunk room, but several were found wearing shoes or sandals, jackets, and one was holding a flashlight; a prior Conception passenger stated it was possible that some victims were keeping warm overnight, and the presence of clothing and shoes did not necessarily indicate they were trying to escape. Aft escape hatch exit is centered just inside the main deck cabin.
Local entrepreneur Ken Kurtis, owner of a dive charter company, told The Maritime Executive it was the only major fire he was aware of on a Californian dive boat and the issue was not widely contemplated by the local industry. Senator Dianne Feinstein called for an investigation into the incident and specifically asked to address the training of the crew and why they were not able to rescue or alert the passengers.
She also wanted to see if additional regulations are needed to prevent similar tragedies in the future. Via press release, Feinstein stated “It's inconceivable that with all the safety regulations we have in place today, a fire on a boat can lead to the loss of life we saw this morning near Santa Cruz Island”.
The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) launched a go team on September 3 to the accident to investigate. The on-scene portion of the investigation was scheduled to last for ten days, with the objective to determine the cause of the fire and verify the safety measures that had been aboard Conception.
The Coast Guard launched its own safety investigation focused principally on regulation adherence and on determining if enforcement action was required. The NTSB and other authorities toured the Conception's sister ship Vision, also owned by Truth Aquatics, to evaluate how it might be evacuated in the event of a fire.
During the tour of Vision, NTSB Member Jennifer Comedy was “taken aback” by the difficulty of using the aft escape hatch. “You have to climb up a ladder and across the top bunk and then push a wooden door up.
Speaking on September 3, Member Comedy said she was “one hundred percent confident that we will learn the why and how” behind the accident. NTSB official using the aft (salon) escape hatch on sister dive boat Vision. Agents with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) immediately responded, but investigatory agents did not arrive until September 7, to investigate the point of ignition and cause of the blaze.
Search warrants were served on September 8 for the Truth Aquatics offices and the two remaining boats in its fleet. On September 9, law enforcement sources told the Los Angeles Times that a joint federal criminal investigation was underway, led by the Coast Guard, joined by the FBI and ATF, and under the oversight of the United States Attorney for Los Angeles.
The focus of the investigation is on records retrieved from the offices of Truth Aquatics, prompted by a preliminary investigation which indicated potential deficiencies in crew training, passenger safety briefings, and the failure to use a roaming “night watchman”. On September 11, the Coast Guard announced it would convene a formal Marine Board of Investigation (MBI) for the fire and loss of Conception.
The Coast Guard named Captain Jason Neubauer as the chair of the MBI. The wreck was examined by government officials after it was retrieved and brought to Port Hence on September 13; the ATF examination concluded September 27, but no immediate cause of the fire was determined.
DB Santa Verde at Santa Cruz Island (September 2019) Derrick barge Santa Verde (MMS number : 367507960) arrived at Santa Cruz Island to assist with the salvage operation on September 4. Divers examined the wreckage to prepare to raise it, but high winds and heavy seas hampered the recovery plans.
Conception had settled on the bottom upside-down; the first attempt to roll the boat upright and raise it was planned for September 6, but recovery efforts would be delayed if the windy conditions had continued. The FBI assisted this portion of the investigation due to their experience in evidence preservation.
Side-scan sonar was used to image the boat in situ and video was taken of the undisturbed wreckage prior to lifting. Continued adverse weather conditions prevented the raising of the wreck until September 12.
DB Santa Verde transported the boat to a secure location at Naval Base Ventura County through the Port of Hence on September 13. The wreck of Conception was inspected over the next thirteen days by the Coast Guard, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Santa Barbara Fire Department.
National Transportation Safety Board investigators were permitted to examine the wreck on September 24 and 25. 22 Aft wall of main deck cabin on sister dive boat Vision, showing bookcase and power strips for charging electronics NTSB expected to conclude its investigation and declare a cause after twelve to eighteen months of investigations.
One of the surviving crew members theorized the fire may have started in the salon of the ship, where cellphones and cameras had been plugged in to charge overnight. The designer of the vessel speculated the fire may have begun in the bunk area, possibly sparked by a lithium battery.
Boats made at the time the Conception was built were not installed with electrical systems that could handle the number of rechargeable devices carried by current passengers, who often bring cell phones, cameras, and lighting systems for their dives. In October 2018, two passengers aboard the sister ship Vision saw a battery and charger catch on fire in the aft portion of the salon; one unplugged it and dunked it in a bin of rinse water, and the other emptied a fire extinguisher onto the aft bookcase where it had been plugged in.
While there were smoke detectors on the Conception, the surviving crew did not believe any alarms sounded before they discovered the fire. The detectors were of the standard type for home use, which, at the time both Conception and Vision were built, met existing safety requirements.
MSI 008-19 also advised that firefighting and lifesaving equipment should be checked immediately to ensure it is onboard and operational. According to the Los Angeles Times, the preliminary investigation identified the lack of a roaming night watch as a safety deficiency, in violation of the conditions in the vessel's Certificate of Inspection and 46 C.F.R.
MSI 008-19 advised owners, operators, and masters to review the vessel's Certificate of Inspection to ensure that crew members are aware of and understand any conditional requirements, including any crew member obligations during an emergency. In addition, emergency escapes were to be clearly identified, verified functional, and free of obstructions.
While the cause of the fire had not yet been determined, the Board believed the fire had spread through the boat while all the crew had been asleep, despite regulations requiring one crew member to be awake on night watch. A lawyer representing Truth Aquatics disputed this assertion, and stated that one crew member had checked on the galley area around 2:30 a.m. on September 2.
Officials believed that all the passengers and the crew-member sleeping below decks had died from smoke inhalation before they were burned or drowned. Wreckage from the vessel arranged by reckon August 31, 2021, the NTSB advised families that it had substantially completed its investigation, and would publish evidence and interviews before a public hearing and a vote on findings in October.
The report stated that the deaths may have been prevented if the boat had a roving watchman, as required by regulations. Investigators found several bodies wearing shoes, and believed that some victims may have been awake and trying to escape before being overcome by smoke.
In the final report, the NTSB concluded “most of the victims were awake but could not escape the bunk room before all were overcome by smoke inhalation”, based on their state of dress and evidence demonstrating that several had left their bunks and had gathered belongings for escape. Although the NTSB was not able to determine the definitive cause of the fire, the likely origin point was in the aft part of the salon, and the most likely sources included the electrical distribution system, unattended battery charging, or improperly discarded smoking materials.
Member Comedy stated “I hate the term accident in this case because, in my opinion, it is not an accident if you fail to operate your company safely”, and NTSB Chairman Robert Summat admonished Truth Aquatics to “clean up your act.” In the report synopsis, the NTSB also concluded “Truth Aquatics had been deviating from required safe practices for some time” and added that “Truth Aquatics provided ineffective safety oversight of its vessels' operations”, based on observations of existing unsafe practices, including the lack of a roving patrol, failure to train the crew, and failure to hold emergency drills.
The Coast Guard issued MSI 03-20 on February 6, 2021, recommending that small passenger vessel owners and operators voluntarily establish a safety management system to identify and mitigate potential hazards. A spokesman for the Coast Guard stated the agency had embarked on a concentrated inspection campaign for every small passenger vessel with overnight accommodations shortly after the preliminary results had been determined.
The Coast Guard has not cited any owner, operator, or charterer with a violation or fine for failing to post a roving patrol since 1991, demonstrating the agency's failure to enforce the requirement. Chairman Summat stated “The Conception may have passed all Coast Guard inspections, but that did not make it safe” while explaining the NTSB's recommended changes to existing inspection programs and vessel regulations.
70 Credentialed deckhands were allowed to direct movement of the vessel, contradicting Subchapter T regulations. New crew members were not required to read and understand emergency procedures prior to getting underway.
Collectively, the NTSB called it “a habitual disregard for rules, policies, and procedures” and the resulting normalization of deviance could have been discovered earlier if Truth Aquatics “had been actively engaged in ensuring the safe practices required by regulations were being followed”. Existing regulations only required modular smoke detector(s) in overnight accommodation spaces; because the fire likely started in the salon, away from the passenger berths and the galley area, the fire was already well-developed by the time the smoke and heat detectors could alarm.
If the smoke detectors were deployed in all passenger spaces, not just their sleeping berths, and were interconnected so that all would alarm when anyone detected smoke, that would have increased the chance the fire could have been detected early enough to allow for effective firefighting and evacuation. Bunks immediately underneath the secondary exit hatch were cited as an obstacle.
The NTSB recommended the Coast Guard make revisions to Title 46 Code of Federal Regulations Subchapter T, governing small passenger vessels. Recommended changes included stricter requirements for interconnected smoke detectors comprehensively deployed in all passenger accommodation spaces, development of an inspection procedure to verify that roving patrols are implemented, and secondary escape paths that provide an alternate exit point.
ix–x;76 Another key recommendation was to establish regulations to require marine vessel operators to implement a safety management system; this was a repeated recommendation that had been made previously after two accidents involving MV Andrew J. Barber in 2003 and 2010. 53–54 California Governor Gavin Newsom issued a statement through Twitter praising the efforts of the emergency medical workers and offering his condolences to the families and loved ones affected.
Conception and “Lost at Sea” memorials, Santa Barbara Harbor breakwater (2020)A makeshift memorial was created outside Sea Landing, the headquarters of Truth Aquatics in Santa Barbara Harbor. The memorial was moved from Sea Landing to the end of the harbor breakwater in November 2019, adjacent to the existing “Lost at Sea” memorial, sculpted by Bud Bottoms and dedicated in June 2005.
A permanent memorial for the victims of the Conception fire was dedicated at the site on September 2, 2021, the first anniversary of the disaster; the list of victims were written on a plaque and affixed to a boulder in Plants Cove. Another memorial is being designed for a planned California Islands museum in Criteria, incorporating one of the propellers from Conception.
The United States House of RepresentativesSubcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation held a hearing on November 14, 2019, to discuss commercial and passenger vessel safety. Brian Curtis, the director of the NTSB's Office of Marine Safety, testified before the Subcommittee, reiterating the investigation into the sinking of Conception was still in progress and that it would focus on the wreck itself as well as other factors such as current regulations, fire alarm and warning systems, evacuation routes, training, and company policies and procedures.
Members of the Subcommittee asked the Coast Guard representative, Rear Admiral Richard Time, what actions the Coast Guard was taking after the Los Angeles Times published an investigative story on November 12 stating the Coast Guard had often failed to implement safety recommendations from the NTSB. In response, Time vowed the Coast Guard would “wholly fulfill our regulatory oversight role to keep the maritime public safe” and would adopt new regulations immediately after they are published by an internal task force developing inspection rules for vessels similar to Conception.
Rep. Salad Carvajal, whose district includes Santa Barbara, Rep. Julia Browne, and Sen. Dianne Feinstein introduced the Small Passenger Vessel Safety Act of 2019 in December 2019 to mandate some recommended changes. The bills have been incorporated into the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021.
The families of the victims have continued to advocate for legislation to implement the NTSB recommendations for improvements in fire and safety training and additional monitoring devices. In June 2020, the Coast Guard awarded the Meritorious Public Service Award, one of its highest civilian honors, to Paul Amaral, captain of the Towboat US vessel that towed the still-burning Conception into deeper waters.
The first lawsuit against Truth Aquatics was filed one week later on September 12, by one of the surviving crew members from Conception. The civil lawsuit, filed in Ventura County Superior Court against Truth Aquatics, Worldwide Diving Adventures, and the Conception's owner, claimed the crew had not received proper training nor was the boat outfitted with appropriate emergency equipment.
By December 2020, 32 of the victims' families had filed claims against Truth Aquatics. In December 2020, the United States Attorney's office for the announced the captain of the Conception had been indicted by a federal grand jury for 34 counts of seaman's manslaughter ; the text of the indictment stated that the captain was responsible for the disaster “by his misconduct, negligence and inattention to his duties”.
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^ Rodriguez, Adrianna; Lam, Kristin; Hack, Grace (September 3, 2019). “All 33 passengers presumed dead after horrific California boat fire, Coast Guard says”.
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^ a b c Puerto, Mark; Offset, Matthew; Fry, Hannah (September 4, 2019). “33 bodies recovered in California boat fire search as investigation intensifies”.
^ a b c “The Latest: NTSB arrives to investigate deadly boat fire”. “Singaporean diver Tan Wei confirmed to be among the 34 California boat blaze victims”.
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^ Winston, Richard; Offset, Matthew; Puerto, Mark (September 9, 2019). “California boat fire: Criminal probe launched with focus on possible safety lapses, sources say”.
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^ a b c “MSI 008-19: Passenger vessel compliance and operational readiness” (PDF). “Surviving crew members said boat fire was too intense to save any passengers”.
^ Puerto, Mark; Winston, Richard; Miller, Leia; Fry, Hannah (September 12, 2019). “All Conception crew members were sleeping when boat fire broke out, NTSB says”.
“The Fire That Killed 34 People On A California Dive Boat Spread While The Entire Crew Was Asleep, Investigators Say”. “Conception dive boat disaster: Feds to reveal cause of blaze that killed 34”.
^ Fire Aboard Small Passenger Vessel Conception, Plants Harbor, Channel Islands National Park, Santa Cruz Island, 21.5 miles South-Southwest of Santa Barbara, California | September 2, 2019 | DCA19MM047 (PDF) (Report). “One year later, here's what we know about Santa Barbara dive boat fire that killed 34”.
^ “NTSB Calls for Major Safety Improvements to Small Passenger Vessels” (Press release). “Safety board: Lack of oversight blamed for deadly boat fire”.
^ “Santa Barbara unveils memorial to 34 dive boat fire victims”. “Conception boat fire: Loved ones dedicate underwater memorial to honor victims on 1-year anniversary”.
“Monument Planned to Honor Conception Boat Fire Victims”. “California boat company suspends tours after fatal fire”.
^ “Hearing: Commercial and Passenger Vessel Safety: Challenges and Opportunities”. Boat fire: Coast Guard will reconsider vessel safety improvements that were earlier rejected”.
“Dive Boat Owners Seek to Head Off Lawsuits Through Old Maritime Law”. ^ “California diving boat owners seek to head off lawsuits after 34 dice in fire”.
“California boat fire: Crew member says Conception was unsafe in suit against owners”. “Conception dive boat owner facing lawsuit, adding to history of alleged negligence”.
^ “First Lawsuit Filed in Connection with Conception Dive Boat Fire”. “Widow sues boat owner in fire off California that killed 34”.
“Families of Victims in Southern California Dive Boat Fire Sue”. “Criminal charges loom in California boat fire that killed 34”.
^ “Federal Grand Jury Charges Dive Boat Captain with Seaman's Manslaughter in Fire off Santa Barbara Coast that Killed 34 People” (Press release). ^ “Conception boat fire: Captain charged over 34 deaths in California”.
“California boat captain indicted on manslaughter charges for 2019 fire that killed 34 people aboard Conception”. Data on ship metrics, inspections, and contacts by the United States Coast Guard are available at the USCG Maritime Information Exchange by searching for “Conception” and scrolling to VIN 638133.
MMS number : 367098480 for Conception U.S. Coast Guard and Vessels, Channels 16 and 22 Radio Communications (PDF) (Report). “Fire Aboard Small Passenger Vessel Conception | Accident No.
NTSB Member Jennifer Comedy's First California Dive Vessel Fire Media Brief on YouTube NTSB Member Jennifer Comedy's Second California Dive Vessel Fire Media Brief on YouTube NTSB Member Jennifer Comedy's Third California Dive Vessel Fire Media Brief on YouTube NTSB B-Roll of Member Comedy and Investigators Touring Similar Vessel on YouTube Tour of Vision, showing aft (salon) escape hatch and upper deck. National Transportation Safety Board, Docket Management System.